3 Stooges Deutsch Inhaltsverzeichnis
The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe (Markenzeichen: Darstellung eines Psychiaters mit deutsch-österreichischen Wurzeln bot. von 21 Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "the three stooges deutsch". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Amazon Prime. The Three Stooges: Hauptdarsteller der Serie ist Curly Howard. Mit ihm Leider kann man die Filme nirgendwo in deutsch mit der alten Synchro kaufen.
The Three Stooges: Hauptdarsteller der Serie ist Curly Howard. Mit ihm Leider kann man die Filme nirgendwo in deutsch mit der alten Synchro kaufen. von 21 Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "the three stooges deutsch". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Amazon Prime. The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. Booby Dupes March Euro Jackpot Aktuelle Zahlen, Besser had been starring in his own short-subject comedies for the studio since and Parship Gut in supporting roles in a variety of movies, making his persona sufficiently well known. InCurly filmed a brief scene for Malice in the Palace as the restaurant's cook, but it was not used. Hugs and Mugs February 2, They had two months to rest before reporting back to Columbia in late Januarybut Curly's condition was irreversible. Booty And The Beast March 5, No formal goodbyes or congratulatory celebrations occurred in recognition of their work and of the money that their comedies had earned for the studio. Six men were members of the team throughout the years: Shemp Howard original name Samuel Horwitz; b. Of Cash and Hash February 3, The Sitter Downers November 26,
Healy tried to save his act by hiring replacement stooges, but they were inexperienced and not as well-received as their predecessors.
Shubert 's The Passing Show of With Shemp gone, Healy and the two remaining stooges Moe and Larry needed a replacement, so Moe suggested his younger brother Jerry Howard.
Healy reportedly took one look at Jerry, who had long chestnut-red hair and a handlebar mustache, and remarked that he did not look like he was funny.
They appeared in feature films and short subjects, either together, individually, or with various combinations of actors. The trio was featured in a series of musical comedy shorts, beginning with Nertsery Rhymes.
The short was one of a few shorts to be made with an early two-color Technicolor process, including one featuring Curly without Healy or the other Stooges, Roast Beef and Movies The shorts themselves were built around recycled Technicolor film footage of production numbers cut from MGM musicals, such as Children of Pleasure , Lord Byron of Broadway and the unfinished March of Time all In , the team's contract expired with MGM, and the Stooges parted professional company with Healy.
According to Moe Howard's autobiography,  the split was precipitated by Healy's alcoholism and abrasiveness. Both Healy and the Stooges went on to separate successes, with Healy dying under mysterious circumstances in In , the trio—now officially named "The Three Stooges"—signed on to appear in two-reel comedy short subjects for Columbia Pictures.
Within their first year at Columbia, the Stooges became very popular. Realizing this, Columbia Pictures president Harry Cohn used the Stooges as leverage, as the demand for their films was so great that he eventually refused to supply exhibitors with the trio's shorts unless they also agreed to book some of the studio's mediocre B movies.
The Stooges thought that their days were numbered and would sweat it out each year, with Cohn renewing their contract at the last moment.
This deception kept the insecure Stooges unaware of their true value, resulting in them having second thoughts about asking for a better contract without a yearly option.
The Stooges were required to release up to eight short films per year within a week period; for the remaining 12 weeks, they were free to pursue other employment, time that was either spent with their families or touring the country to promote their live act.
Del Lord directed more than three dozen Stooge films, Jules White directed dozens more and his brother Jack White directed several under the pseudonym "Preston Black".
Silent film star Charley Chase also shared directorial responsibilities with Lord and White. The Stooge films made between and captured the team at their peak, according to film historians Ted Okuda and Edward Watz, authors of The Columbia Comedy Shorts.
Nearly every film produced became a classic in its own right. Hoi Polloi adapted the premise of Pygmalion , with a stuffy professor making a bet that he can transform the uncultured trio into refined gentlemen; the plotline worked so well that it was reused twice, as Half-Wits Holiday and Pies and Guys Three Little Beers featured the Stooges running amok on a golf course to win prize money.
Disorder in the Court features the team as star witnesses in a murder trial. Violent is the Word for Curly was a quality Chase-directed short that featured the musical interlude " Swingin' the Alphabet ".
In A Plumbing We Will Go —one of the team's quintessential comedies—the Stooges are cast as plumbers who nearly destroy a socialite's mansion, causing water to exit every appliance in the home.
You Nazty Spy! However, taken in bulk, the wartime films are considered less funny than what preceded them.
The team, made up as Japanese soldiers for a photo shoot, is mistaken for genuine saboteurs by a Nazi ringleader Vernon Dent , the Stooges' primary foil.
The highlight of the film features the Stooges engaging in nonsensical gymnastics the real spies are renowned acrobats for a skeptical group of enemy agents.
The World War II era also brought on rising production costs that resulted in a reduced number of elaborate gags and outdoor sequences, Del Lord's stock in trade; as such, the quality of the team's films particularly those directed by Lord began to slip after The Stooges made occasional guest appearances in feature films, though generally they were restricted to their short subjects.
Most of the Stooges' peers had either made the transition from shorts to features films Laurel and Hardy , The Ritz Brothers or had been starring their own feature films from the onset Marx Brothers , Abbott and Costello.
However, Moe believed that the team's firebrand style of humor worked better in short form. In , Columbia proposed to star them in their own full-length feature, but Moe rejected the idea saying, "It's a hard job inventing, rewriting, or stealing gags for our two-reel comedies for Columbia Pictures without having to make a seven-reeler feature film.
We can make short films out of material needed for a starring feature and then we wouldn't know whether it would be funny enough to click.
Film critics have cited Curly as the most popular member of the team. Because Curly had to shave his head for the act, it led him to feel unappealing to women.
To mask his insecurities, he ate and drank to excess and caroused whenever the Stooges made personal appearances, which was approximately seven months of each year.
His weight ballooned in the s, and his blood pressure became dangerously high. During a five-month hiatus from August through January , the trio committed themselves to making a feature film at Monogram, followed by a two-month-long live appearance gig in New York City , with performances seven days a week.
Curly also entered a disastrous third marriage in October , leading to a separation in January and divorce in July That unhappy union wrecked his already fragile health.
They had two months to rest before reporting back to Columbia in late January , but Curly's condition was irreversible. They had only 24 days of work over the next three months, but eight weeks of time off could not help the situation.
In those last six shorts, ranging from Monkey Businessmen through Half-Wits Holiday , Curly was seriously ill, struggling to get through even the most basic scenes.
During the final day of filming Half-Wits Holiday on May 6, , Curly suffered a debilitating stroke on the set, ending his year career.
They hoped for a full recovery, but Curly never appeared in a film again except for a single cameo appearance in the third film after Shemp returned to the trio, Hold That Lion!
It was the only film that contained all four of the original Stooges the three Howard brothers and Larry on screen simultaneously.
According to Jules White, this anomaly came about when Curly visited the set one day, and White had him do this bit for fun.
Curly's cameo appearance was recycled in the remake Booty and the Beast , In , Curly filmed a brief scene for Malice in the Palace as the restaurant's cook, but it was not used.
Jules White's copy of the script contained the dialogue for this missing scene, and a production still of Curly does exist, appearing on both the film's original one-sheet and lobby card.
Moe asked older brother Shemp to take Curly's place, but Shemp was hesitant to rejoin the Stooges as he was enjoying a successful solo career.
Shemp wanted assurance that rejoining them would be only temporary and that he could leave the Stooges once Curly recovered. However, Curly's health continued to deteriorate, and it became clear that he could not return.
As a result, Shemp resumed being a Stooge full-time for nearly a decade. Curly remained ill until his death of a cerebral hemorrhage from additional strokes on January 18, Shemp appeared with the Stooges in 76 shorts and a low-budget Western comedy feature titled Gold Raiders in which the screen time was evenly divided with B-picture cowboy hero George O'Brien.
Shemp's return improved the quality of the films, as the previous few had been marred by Curly's sluggish performances. New director Edward Bernds , who joined the team in when Curly was failing, sensed that routines and plotlines that worked well with Curly as the comic focus did not fit Shemp's persona, and allowed the comedian to develop his own Stooge character.
Jules White, however, persisted in employing the "living cartoon" style of comedy that reigned during the Curly era. White would force either Shemp or Moe to perform similar gags and mannerisms originated by Curly, resulting in what appeared to be lackluster imitation.
Shemp" debate that overshadowed the act upon Curly's departure. The films from the Shemp era contrast sharply with those from the Curly era, largely owing to the individual directing styles of Bernds and White.
White also contributed a few fair entries, such as Hold That Lion! Another benefit from the Shemp era was that Larry was given more time on screen.
Throughout most of the Curly era, Larry was relegated to a background role, but by the time that Shemp rejoined the Stooges, Larry was allotted equal footage, even becoming the focus of several films, in particular Fuelin' Around and He Cooked His Goose The Shemp years also marked a major milestone: the Stooges' first appearance on television.
Columbia Pictures blocked the series from going into production, but allowed the Stooges to make television guest appearances. In , the Stooges lost some key players at Columbia Pictures.
The studio decided to downsize its short-subject division, resulting in producer Hugh McCollum being discharged and director Edward Bernds resigning out of loyalty to McCollum.
Bernds had been contemplating his resignation for some time, as he and Jules White were often at odds. Screenwriter Elwood Ullman followed suit, leaving only White to both produce and direct the Stooges' remaining Columbia comedies.
In another cost-cutting measure, White would create a "new" Stooge short by borrowing footage from old ones, setting it in a slightly different storyline and filming a few new scenes often with the same actors in the same costumes.
White was initially very subtle when recycling older footage: he would reuse only a single sequence of old film, re-edited so cleverly that it was not easy to detect.
White came to rely so much on older material that he could film the "new" shorts in a single day. New footage filmed in order to link older material suffered from White's wooden directing style and penchant for telling his actors how to act.
Shemp, in particular, disliked working with White after Three years after Curly's death, Shemp died of a heart attack at age 60 on November 22, during a taxi ride home with a friend after attending a boxing match.
Moe was stunned and contemplated disbanding the Stooges. However, Cohn reminded him that the team owed Columbia four additional films with Shemp.
Recycled footage, combined with new footage utilizing Columbia supporting player Joe Palma see also Fake Shemp as Shemp's double, filmed from behind, was used to complete the last four films originally planned with Shemp: Rumpus in the Harem , Hot Stuff , Scheming Schemers and Commotion on the Ocean all released in After Shemp's death, Moe and Larry were again in need of a third Stooge.
Several comedians were considered, including noted African-American actor Mantan Moreland  , but Columbia insisted on a comedian already under contract.
Besser had been starring in his own short-subject comedies for the studio since and appeared in supporting roles in a variety of movies, making his persona sufficiently well known.
Besser had noted how one side of Larry Fine's face appeared "calloused",  so he had a clause in his contract specifically prohibiting him from being hit beyond an infrequent tap though this restriction was later lifted.
Besser was the only Stooge other than Curly who dared to hit Moe back in retaliation. Despite Besser's prolific film and stage career, Stooge entries featuring him have often been tagged as the team's weakest.
However, his whining mannerisms and lack of slapstick punishment against him did not quite blend with the Stooges' brand of humor,  though his presence did create a verbal friction between Moe and Larry that improved their mutually insulting banter.
Both Moe and Jules White approved of the idea, but used it sparingly in order to match the old footage in films that were remakes.
Despite their lukewarm reception, the Besser shorts did have their comedic moments. In general, the remakes had the traditional Stooges knockabout look and feel, such as 's Pies and Guys a scene-for-scene remake of Half-Wits Holiday , which itself was a reworking of the earlier Hoi Polloi , Guns a Poppin , Rusty Romeos and Triple Crossed Columbia was the last studio still producing live-action and two-reel short films other studios were still making animated one-reelers well into the s, but the Stooges' last live-action competition, one-reel series Joe McDoakes , had ended its run in , and the market for such films had all but dried up.
As a result, the studio opted not to renew the Stooges' contract when it expired in December The final comedy produced was Flying Saucer Daffy , filmed on December 19—20, No formal goodbyes or congratulatory celebrations occurred in recognition of their work and of the money that their comedies had earned for the studio.
Moe visited Columbia several weeks after the dismissal to say goodbye to several executives. But without the current year's studio pass, Moe was refused entry, later stating that it was a crushing blow to his pride.
The studio had enough completed Stooge films to be released over the next 18 months, though not in the order in which they were produced.
With no active contract in place, Moe and Larry discussed plans for a personal appearance tour. In the meantime, Besser's wife suffered a minor heart attack and he preferred to stay local, leading him to withdraw from the act.
After Besser's departure, Moe and Larry began looking for potential replacements. Larry suggested former Ted Healy stooge Paul "Mousie" Garner , but based on his tryout performance, Moe later remarked that he was "completely unacceptable".
Weeks later, Larry came across burlesque performer Joe DeRita , and thought he would be a good fit.
The early days of television provided movie studios a place to unload a backlog of short films that they thought otherwise unmarketable, and the Stooge films seemed perfect for the burgeoning genre.
ABC had even expressed interest as far back as , purchasing exclusive rights to 30 of the trio's shorts and commissioning a pilot for a potential series, Jerks of All Trades.
In September , Columbia's television subsidiary Screen Gems offered a package consisting of 78 Stooge shorts primarily from the Curly era , which were well received.
With so many films available for broadcast, daily television airings provided heavy exposure aimed squarely at children.
Parents who had grown up seeing the same films in the theaters began to watch alongside their children and, before long, Howard, Fine and DeRita were in high demand.
The films were aimed at the kiddie-matinee market, and most were black-and-white farce outings in the Stooge tradition, with the exception of Snow White and the Three Stooges , a children's fantasy in color.
Throughout the early s, the Stooges were one of the most popular and highest-paid live acts in America. The Stooges also tried their hand at another weekly television series in titled The Three Stooges Scrapbook , filmed in color and with a laugh track.
The first episode, "Home Cooking", featured the boys rehearsing for a new television show. Like Jerks of All Trades in , the pilot did not sell.
However, Norman Maurer was able to reuse the footage reprocessed in black and white for the first ten minutes of The Three Stooges in Orbit. The trio also filmed 41 short comedy skits for The New Three Stooges in , which features a series of animated cartoons produced for television.
The Stooges appeared in live-action color footage, which preceded and followed each animated adventure in which they voiced their respective characters.
In late , Howard, Fine and DeRita began production on another half-hour pilot, this time for a syndicated episode TV series titled Kook's Tour ,  a combination travelogue-sitcom that had the "retired" Stooges traveling to various parts of the world with the episodes filmed on location.
On January 9, , during production of the pilot, Larry suffered a paralyzing stroke , ending his acting career along with plans for the television series.
The pilot was unfinished and several key shots were missing, but producer Norman Maurer edited the available footage and made the pilot a minute special that was released to the Cartrivision videocassette home video market in The film would have been a departure from typical Stooge fare, with dark-edged humor and scenes of war violence, but insufficient funding prevented production from advancing beyond the script stage.
The act fared poorly with minimal bookings. For the next several years, Moe appeared regularly on talk shows and did speaking engagements at colleges, while DeRita quietly retired.
Larry suffered another stroke in mid-December , and four weeks later an even more massive one. After slipping into a coma, he died a week later from a cerebral hemorrhage on January 24, The team was signed and publicity shots were taken, but one week prior to March's filming date, Moe was diagnosed with lung cancer and the Stooges had to back out; he died on May 4, Producer Sam Sherman briefly considered having former Stooge Joe Besser appear in his place, but ultimately decided against it.
As for the remaining original replacement stooges, Joe Besser died of heart failure on March 1, , followed by Joe DeRita of pneumonia on July 3, Emil Sitka was announced as a Stooge but never performed as such; he died on January 16, , six months after being disabled by a stroke.
Over half a century since their last short film was released, the Three Stooges remain popular with audiences. Their films have never left American television since first appearing in , and they continue to delight old fans while attracting new viewers.
They were a hard-working group of comedians who were never the critics' darlings, a durable act who endured several personnel changes in their careers that would have permanently sidelined a less persistent act.
Many scholarly studies of motion picture comedy have overlooked the Three Stooges entirely — and not without valid reasoning. Aesthetically, the Stooges violated every rule that constitutes "good" comedic style.
Their characters lacked the emotional depth of Charlie Chaplin and Harry Langdon ; they were never as witty or subtle as Buster Keaton. They were not disciplined enough to sustain lengthy comic sequences; far too often, they were willing to suspend what little narrative structure their pictures possessed in order to insert a number of gratuitous jokes.
Nearly every premise they have employed spoofs of westerns, horror films, costume melodramas has been done to better effect by other comedians.
And yet, in spite of the overwhelming artistic odds against them, they were responsible for some of the finest comedies ever made.
Their humor was the most undistilled form of low comedy ; they were not great innovators, but as quick laugh practitioners, they place second to none.
If public taste is any criterion, the Stooges have been the reigning kings of comedy for over fifty years.
Beginning in the s, the Stooges finally began to receive critical recognition. The release of nearly all their films on DVD by has allowed critics of Joe Besser and Joe DeRita — often the recipients of significant fan backlash — to appreciate the unique style of comedy that both men brought to the Stooges.
In addition, the DVD market has allowed fans to view the entire Stooge film corpus as distinct periods in their long, distinguished career rather than unfairly comparing one Stooge to another the Curly vs.
Shemp debate continues to this day. The team appeared in films, but it is the durability of the short films the Stooges made at Columbia Pictures that acts as an enduring tribute to the comedy team.
Although the Three Stooges slapstick comedy was primarily arranged around basic plots dealing with more mundane issues of daily life, a number of their shorts featured social commentary or satire.
The Stooges were often anti-heroical commentators on the class divisions and economic hardships of the Great Depression in the United States. They were usually under- or unemployed and sometimes homeless or living in shanty towns.
The language used by the Three Stooges was more slang -laden than that of typical feature films of the period and deliberately affected a lower class status with use of crude terms, ethnic mannerisms, and inside jokes.
An example of this is the use of the initials A. Much of the "gibberish" that the Stooges sometimes spoke was actually the Jewish language of Yiddish.
The most famous example of this occurs 15 minutes into the short Mutts to You. Moe and Larry were impersonating Chinese laundrymen in an attempt to fool the local cop.
This translates as "I'm a China boy from Slobatkya Gebernya a Jewish European City in the 19th and 20th centuries stop annoying me and I don't mean maybe.
One important area of political commentary was in the area of the rise of totalitarianism in Europe, notably in the directly satirical You Nazty Spy!
The Three Stooges appeared in films through their career. Of those , short films were made for Columbia Pictures , for which the trio are best known today.
Their first Columbia film, Woman Haters , premiered on May 5, Their contract was extended each year until the final one expired on December 31, The last 8 of the 16 shorts with Joe Besser were released over the next 18 months.
The final release, Sappy Bull Fighters , premiered on June 4, Now controlled by DeRita's heirs, C3 Entertainment has since diversified into a brand management company licensing personality rights to various nostalgia acts, including The Three Stooges.
It was not until that Screen Gems packaged 78 shorts for national syndication; the package was gradually enlarged to encompass the entire library of shorts.
The team appeared in one film , Soup to Nuts ; shortly thereafter, Shemp, who disliked the frequently intoxicated Healy, quit the act.
Ted Healy and His Stooges as they were then billed appeared in several features and short films during the early s, the most notable among them being Meet the Baron , Dancing Lady , and Hollywood Party The Stooges became increasingly estranged from Healy—whose mood swings ranged from warm and kindly to violently abusive, depending on his state of sobriety—and in Moe, Larry, and Curly signed a long-term contract with Columbia Pictures and rechristened themselves the Three Stooges.
During the next 24 years the team appeared in nearly short subjects and a handful of feature films for Columbia. Derided by critics for many years for their lowbrow anarchy , their sheer longevity forced many critics to concede that the team exhibited expert comic timing and a mastery of burlesque-style humour.
Moe was the bully of the act whose pugilistic tendencies required little provocation. Curly, a heavy drinker who suffered from hypertension , experienced serious health problems around , and his performances in films made during the next two years are sluggish and bereft of the vitality and playfulness he displayed in earlier films.
Shemp rejoined the act after a year absence and remained with the Stooges through 78 films until his death from a heart attack in He stayed with the team through the filming of their final Columbia short in , after which he quit the act to care for his ailing wife.
During its filming, Larry suffered a stroke; footage from the never-completed film was released years later on home video.
Larry spent his last years promoting his autobiography, Stroke of Luck The Three Stooges remained popular well into the 21st century through television syndication and the merchandising of their images on commercial products.
The movie The Three Stooges , in which a new cast inhabited the familiar roles, was released in The Three Stooges.
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